en
POLECAMYDotknij Gotyku w Toruniu
POLECAMYZrób samodzielnie pierniki
POLECAMYZWIEDŹ TORUŃ Z KUFLEM PIWA!
POLECAMYPOZNAJ WIELKĄ TWIERDZĘ TORUŃ

Baszty

Baszty to obok brambarbakanów kolejny element obronny w systemie murów miejskich. Zwykle budowane na planie koła, półkola, czworoboku lub wieloboku. Najstarsze pochodzą z przełomu XIII i XIV w.
Pierwotnie (2. poł. XIII wieku) baszty, podobnie jak i bramy, niewiele przewyższały mur obronny. Większość spośród baszt a także i wież zwieńczona była krenelażem, niektóre miały po trzy ściany od strony zewnętrznej, od strony miasta były natomiast otwarte. Później baszty rozbudowywano, jednakże nierozbudowanych - trójściennych - pozostało kilka baszt wschodnich Nowego Miasta, jak pokazuje to rys. M. Meriana z 1641 r.

W XV i XVI wieku, kiedy nastąpiła największa rozbudowa systemu średniowiecznych murów miejskich, Stare Miasto posiadało 33 baszty, a Nowe Miasto 21 baszt, co łącznie było liczbą znaczącą (np. w porównaniu z Krakowem, który posiadał łącznie 47 baszt). W tym czasie pojawiły się nowe typy baszt wielobocznych, jak Monstrancja, Koci Łeb, Koci Ogon.
Do naszych czasów zachowały się nieliczne baszty, pozostałe, podobnie jak i mury, zostały rozebrane głównie w XIX wieku przez władze pruskie.
i
 
Baszta
Krzywa Wieża
 
 
Baszty Kocie
 
Baszta
Monstrancja
 
Baszta
Żuraw
 
Baszta
Wartownia
 
Baszta
Gołębnik
 
Baszty
ul. Podmurna 26 i 30
 
Baszta
ul. Podmurna 60
       
 

drukuj  poleć artykuł
Komentarze użytkowników (6)
Oliver Gray, 2022-06-30 05:40:11
Mur miejski pełnił nie tylko funkcję budowli obronnej, ale także instytucji gospodarczej i społecznej. Mur miejski pełnił funkcję granicy miasta i był jego pierwszym systemem obronnym.
https://mapquestdirectionss.com
Alice H. Nelson, 2022-07-15 14:54:48
This is such a great post and was thinking much the same myself. Be sure to keep writing more great articles like this one. Thank you for sharing.
https://www.canadaqbank.com/usmle-step1.php
pammo, 2022-08-17 11:16:38
it's nice to meet you! I stumbled upon your WhatsApp while browsing on Reddit and was wondering if you had any questions about WhatsApp. It's interesting to see that we both have the same passion for whatsapp mods and I'm really glad we were able to connect because of it! We should definitely keep in touch and maybe even hang out sometime using YoWhatsApp app  ! Hey, so I saw your post about whatsapp mods and noticed that you are in the same boat as me when it comes to Yo WhatsApp. We've been friends on Facebook for ages and it's so cool to see that we like to use the same. YoWhatsApp for android  , FMWhatsApp latest has been a part of many lives since very new in 2023   . It has now become one of the most popular messaging apps around the globe and has more than 1 billion monthly users. These FM mods not only use it to stay connected with their friends and family members but also use it to stay connected with their business contacts.Yo WhatsApp is an instant messaging app that offers text, voice calls, video calls, and the ability to send files up to 100MB in size. whatsapp mods are the best way to customize your FWhatsApp and make it look like you want it to. Today, there are thousands of mods available for this FMWhatsapp app. Each one has a different set of features that can help you change the appearance or functionality of your FMWhatsApp app. For example, there are mods that change the color of your chat bubbles or allow you to send stickers without having to download them first. There are also mods that let you record video messages without having to switch apps or use any other third-party software.With growing popularity of FM WhatsApp  , there have been many This mods released which can be used on any smartphone running on Android or iOS operating systems. However downloading this FMWhatsApp
APK & Yo WhatsApp on org
pammio, 2022-08-17 11:18:04
it's nice to meet you! I stumbled upon your WhatsApp while browsing on Reddit and was wondering if you had any questions about WhatsApp. It's interesting to see that we both have the same passion for FM WhatsApp and I'm really glad we were able to connect because of it! We should definitely keep in touch and maybe even hang out sometime using YoWhatsApp latest   ! Hey, so I saw your post about WhatsApp mods and noticed that you are in the same boat as me when it comes to FM WhatsApp. We've been friends on Facebook for ages and it's so cool to see that we like to use the same. YoWhatsApp for android  , FM WhatsApp app has been a part of many lives since its very new in 2023   . It has now become one of the most popular messaging apps around the globe and has more than 1 billion monthly users. FMWhatsApp not only use it to stay connected with their friends and family members but also use it to stay connected with their business contacts.FM WhatsApp app is an instant messaging app that offers text, voice calls, video calls, and the ability to send files up to 100MB in size. Whatsapp mods are the best way to customize your FMWA and make it look like you want it to. Today, there are thousands of GB mods available for this FM Whatsapp apk. Each one has a different set of FM Whatsapp features that can help you change the appearance or functionality of your app. For example, there are mods that change the color of your chat bubbles or allow you to send stickers without having to download them first. There are also gb mods that let you record video messages without having to switch apps or use any other third-party software.With growing popularity of FM WhatsApp  , there have been many WhatsApp mods downloaded which can be used on any smartphone running on Android device or iOS operating systems. download YoWhatsApp & https://mrbass.org/fm-whatsapp/
APK on https://mrbass.org/yowhatsapp/
Meerab Graves, 2022-09-05 03:56:32
Have you tried playing games on Android? Maybe you shouldn't skip the Pokemon Go game, here's what makes it better: https://uptomods.com/blog/pokemon-go-promo-codes/
jihouni, 2022-09-23 10:54:48
Sharing is very realistic, I find it suitable for the situation
https://klondikesolitairegame.com
Dodaj swój komentarz:


:) :| :( :D :o ;) :/ :P :lol: :mad: :rolleyes: :cool:
pozostało znaków:   napisałeś znaków:
Ostatnia modyfikacja 23-11-2016 19:33
Booking.com

Twoja wycieczka

W Twojej wycieczce znajdują się miejsca:

    Sonda

    Które miejsca w okolicy planujesz odwiedzić będąc w Toruniu (max 3):